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A Review of the Extremely Structural Properties of Carbon Nanotubes, Synthesis and Purification Methods

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), also known as Bucky tubes, are a class of nanomaterials consisting of a two-dimensional hexagonal lattice of carbon atoms that bend in one direction and combine to form hollow cylinders. Carbon nanotubes are cylindrical isotropic forms of carbon, between Fullerene (0-dimensional) and Graphene (2-dimensional), and technologies are now available for mass production of nanotubes, including electric arc discharge, laser ablation, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and high-pressure carbon monoxide disproportionation (HiPCO), consisting of a single layer of carbon atoms (graphene). The pieces are rolled up to make up. They can be single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) with a diameter of less than 1 nanometre (nm) or multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT), consisting of several concentrically interconnected nanotubes with a diameter of more than 100 nm, which can reach lengths of a few micrometers or even millimeters. Furthermore, as one-dimensional nanomaterials, these cylindrical carbon molecules have excellent mechanical stiffness and tensile strength due to the nanostructure of carbon nanotubes and the strength of the interatomic bonding. Carbon nanotubes also have certain chemical stability, high electrical conductivity, and excellent thermal conductivity, so carbon nanotubes have a promising future and will be widely used in alloy reinforcement materials, load material electrodes, conductive films, etc.

Carbon Nanotubes, Preparation Methods, Modification Methods, One-Dimensional Nanomaterials, Properties

APA Style

Yang Zihan, Qu Chang, Zhang Yaxin, Lu Haoting, Liang Yufei. (2022). A Review of the Extremely Structural Properties of Carbon Nanotubes, Synthesis and Purification Methods. American Journal of Materials Synthesis and Processing, 7(2), 29-35. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajmsp.20220702.12

ACS Style

Yang Zihan; Qu Chang; Zhang Yaxin; Lu Haoting; Liang Yufei. A Review of the Extremely Structural Properties of Carbon Nanotubes, Synthesis and Purification Methods. Am. J. Mater. Synth. Process. 2022, 7(2), 29-35. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmsp.20220702.12

AMA Style

Yang Zihan, Qu Chang, Zhang Yaxin, Lu Haoting, Liang Yufei. A Review of the Extremely Structural Properties of Carbon Nanotubes, Synthesis and Purification Methods. Am J Mater Synth Process. 2022;7(2):29-35. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmsp.20220702.12

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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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